In the first place, the penal code is unable to bring about any change in the political decision-making if penalties are imposed on regimes that give no weight to either public opinion or to the economic repercussions on people’s standard of living and welfare. If these penalties have made the Iraqis more desperate and Saddam Hussein more tyrannical in his torture thereof, it is likely that in the Iranian case, they will aggravate the economic crisis, which is already critical as a result of the two international resolutions. They will also add up the regime’s promises of happiness to its citizens in another life, should they be able to tolerate life on earth.
Another issue is the difficulty of implementing the penal code in first place. Most of the companies that deal with “the Revolution’s Guards” and the banks that fund its projects and activities do not actually have any connection with US banks or companies. Thus, how will the ban be imposed thereon? Furthermore, Iran enjoys the “backup” of two major and powerful countries, Russia and China, which have openly opposed the US decision. It is expected that they will abstain from consenting to this procedure as long as it is not levied by a UN resolution. In fact, it will only reinforce, rather than weaken, their influence on the Iranian economy and politics, and this strays from the US and western interests in general in Iran and the Gulf region.